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Džaferović addresses a special session of the UN General Assembly

Press release

SARAJEVO, September 22 (FENA) - Chairman of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina Sefik Dzaferovic addressed a special panel of the United Nations General Assembly on the occasion of the 75th anniversary of the United Nations.

The address of Chairman Dzaferović, as well as other heads of state and government of UN member states, was broadcast in the UN General Assembly, in the presence of Secretary-General António Guterres, Chairman of the General Assembly Volkan Bozkir and permanent representatives of all member states at the United Nations.

The address of the Chairman of the Presidency of BiH, Šefik Džaferović, follows below in its entirety:

Mr. Chairman,

Your Excellencies,

Ladies and Gentlemen,

It is my honor to address you on behalf of Bosnia and Herzegovina at this year's United Nations General Assembly.

The United Nations were founded at the end of World War II because there existed a strong need to stop such a horrific event from ever happening again.

Violations of the territorial integrity of states through military aggression, attempts to exterminate entire nations, and the establishment of a world order based on the principle of domination and sheer force, were phenomena that led to the greatest destabilization of humanity and the greatest mass crimes committed in modern history.

The only way to prevent the recurrence of these terrifying events was to oblige all countries of the world to act in accordance with rules. The Charter of the United Nations, as a unique legal act in the history of mankind, strictly forbids the violation of the territorial integrity and independence of sovereign states, commands respect for human dignity and fundamental rights, and prescribes that the world order should be based on the principles of equality of all states and their mutual cooperation instead of the principles of force and domination.

The United Nations Charter also established UN bodies, as mechanisms that have an obligation to implement and protect the principles of the United Nations, thus protecting the security and rights of billions of human beings around the world.

After the founding of the United Nations, conflicts of such proportions like World War I and World War II never really happened again. However, in the past seven and a half decades, a huge number of armed conflicts have occurred, which have had devastating consequences. Even at this time, as this United Nations General Assembly is being held, people in crisis hotspots around the world fear for themselves and their families' lives and they are dreaming of peace and security.

In a significant number of cases, the United Nations has not used all the mechanisms and capacities it had to stop these devastating wars. The most common reason for this was the lack of consensus or insufficient determination of its most influential members. Bosnia and Herzegovina has had first-hand experience with just that, because the United Nations could have and must have had to prevent the genocide in the UN Safe Zone of Srebrenica and Žepa. The mistakes made by the UN were also acknowledged by the then-UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, who said the failure would haunt the United Nations forever.

In the future, the United Nations must continue to strive for the preservation of peace and international security, as its fundamental task.

While those are the most important ones, preserving peace and security is not the only UN mission. The protection of human dignity and fundamental rights, the maintenance of justice and the rule of law, and social progress and balanced development are also essential obligations of the UN, making the UN itself purposeful in all non-crisis areas.

Humanity has a common destiny, and different problems constantly intertwine, so wars and destabilization in one end of the world can very easily cause social problems in other parts of the world, and the best example of this is the burning issue of mass migration. This means that we have not only a moral obligation, but also a joint interest and benefit from solving problems that, at first glance, do not directly concern us. It is in the vital interest of every human being to protect human rights and combat discrimination, arms control and contribute to the fight against poverty and climate change anywhere in the world. Everything that is someone else's problem today can be our problem tomorrow, and vice versa.

Considering everything stated above, the United Nations continues to be the best framework for addressing global issues in the 21st century, reaffirming its irreplaceable importance to humanity.

Bosnia and Herzegovina gives full support to the talks on the reforms of the UN system, in order to improve it, but when it comes to its initial mission, it remains equally important today, and deserves absolute support.

At the moment, humanity does not cultivate as much fear as in 1942, when 26 countries signed the first United Nations Declaration, nor do we cultivate as much hope as in 1945, when the United Nations Charter was adopted, but certainly humanity has a greater than ever need to reach its ultimate goal and that is universal security and prosperity for every human being.

The BiH Presidency Chairman Šefik Džaferović will also take part in the general debate of the 75th session of the UN General Assembly, which will take place in the same format.

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(FENA) S.R.